A Guide To The Most Common Age-Related Eye Conditions

As we grow older, our bodies go through a variety of changes. Our eyes are one part of the body that can be especially impacted as we age. Some of these age-related eye conditions can be severe and call for medical attention. In this article, we will take a closer look at some of the most prevalent age-related eye diseases.


1. Cataracts

Cataracts are a common eye condition that affects many people as they get older. A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s lens, which can impair one’s vision and cause sensitivity to light. The most typical sign of cataracts is a loss of vision or blurry vision that develops gradually over time. A number of factors, such as smoking, genetics, and UV light exposure, can result in cataracts. Surgery performed by a cataract surgeon in Singapore may be necessary to remove cataracts to restore one’s eyesight.


2. Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a common eye disorder that has the potential to harm the optic nerve which carries visual data from the eye to the brain. Permanent vision field loss or even blindness may result if this asymptomatic condition is left undiagnosed or untreated. There are various forms of glaucoma. Open-angle glaucoma is the most prevalent and  does not exhibit any early symptoms. For the detection and management of glaucoma, routine eye examinations and specific tests are essential. It is important to note that early intervention can limit further harm.


3. Dry eye syndrome

The condition known as dry eye syndrome is characterised by inadequate tear production or improper tear composition. Discomfort, redness, and light intolerance may result from this. Older individuals, especially women, are more likely to experience dry eye syndrome. Lubricating eye drops and ointments are requentl prescribed for dry eye syndrome. In some severe cases, anti-inflammatory eye drops may be required to reduce ocular surface discomfort.


4. Diabetic eye disease

According to research, approximately 12% of the local adult population is affected by diabetes. Diabetic patients are at risk of serious eye problems like diabetic retinopathy, which can result in blindness or significant vision loss. In fact, studies suggest that around one-third of diabetics, particularly those who have had the disease for more than 10 years, will experience diabetic eye disease.

Chronic elevated blood sugar levels in diabetes lead to damage of blood vessel walls These then leak fluid and blood into the retina and impair vision over time. New but abnormal blood vessels may also develop over the retina and optic nerve head in severe cases. These are likely to bleed into the vitreous humour and cause a sudden marked drop in vision.


5. Ptosis (droopy eyelid)

In ptosis, the upper eyelid droops or sag, resulting in the obstruction of the superior  field of vision. There are several causes of ptosis, the most frequent being ageing. With age, the eyelid lifting muscles may be stretched or be detached from the eyelid margin structures, resulting in a drop in the resting eyelid position. This usually develops gradually over time, and it might be asymmetrical so that one upper lid is more droopy than the other.. Check out our previous article on the benefits of undergoing ptosis correction surgery.



As we mature, a number of age-related eye disorders may impact our vision and overall eye health. To avoid eyesight loss and maintain eye health, early diagnosis and treatment are essential. If you observe any changes in your vision, it is crucial to schedule routine check-ups and consult with an eye specialist doctor in Singapore.

At Ava Eye Clinic, we provide standard ophthalmologist services for patients of all ages, including procedures like cataract surgery and eyelid ptosis correction in Singapore. Make an appointment with us today.