Oculoplastic surgery is a special sub-specialty field of ophthalmology, focusing on reconstructive and aesthetic procedures around the eyelids, orbit, and lacrimal system.
Congenital ptosis refers to a droop of the upper eyelid that is present since birth. This is due to an abnormal development of the levator muscle that is responsible for lifting the eyelid.
Epiblepharon refers to the excessive skin fold along the eyelid margin that causes the adjacent eyelashes to be turned inwards and touch the cornea, causing a variable level of discomfort.
For a blocked tear duct, the Gold standard treatment is either external or endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy. This involves the creation of a new conduit between the tear sac and the nasal cavity.
Common orbital surgeries include orbital biopsies, orbital fracture repair, orbital decompression for severe thyroid eye disease, drainage of orbital abscesses and excision of orbital tumours.
When the facial nerve is injured due to trauma, tumour, stroke or other disorders, the facial muscles on the same side of the face become paralysed. Brow lift surgery and ectropion surgery can be performed where appropriate.